How does the lack of vitamin N show up?
Vitamin N, also called lipoic acid, is not included in the list of vitamins approved by official medicine. This lipophilic, that is, fat-absorbing, insulin-like substance has the strongest antioxidant properties. It has a powerful toning effect on the human body, increases its efficiency and energy. It is especially necessary for vitamin N to professional sportsmen and people suffering from excess weight, as it participates in the burning of fat accumulation and the buildup of muscle tissues. That is why this microelement can be seen in many biologically active additives and drugs for weight loss.
Lipoic acid is a very unstable, disruptive substance. It is highly soluble in fats, practically insoluble in water. Any environmental factors cause its oxidation: high air temperature, ultraviolet radiation, oxygen. A small amount of vitamin N produces a healthy intestinal microflora, but its main volume enters the body together with food. Therefore, in order not to experience micronutrient deficiency, it is necessary to know which foods contain vitamin N in the highest concentration.
Why does the body need vitamin N?
Lipoic acid is a light yellow opaque crystal, bitter to taste. Getting into the body, it binds to lysine an indispensable amino acid, greatly enhancing its effect. This compound accumulates in different internal organs, but most of all in the liver and heart. Vitamin N is not only a powerful antioxidant, it also has the ability to activate other antioxidants in the body. As a result, the brain’s working capacity improves, care develops and memory is preserved. In addition, the vitamin prevents the destruction of tocopherol and ascorbic acid, blocks and safely removes through the urinary system salts of heavy metals: mercury, zinc, lead. Therefore, it is used as a neutralizing toxic effect of the drug in poisoning, it is recommended to people working in enterprises with harmful working conditions.
Being a strong antioxidant, vitamin N protects cells from the harmful effects of free radicals. According to the specifics of its effect on the body, it is very similar to the B vitamins. This microelement takes part in many processes of synthesis and metabolism, in particular splitting glucose and converting it into an energy source. It is extremely important for blood vessels: it prevents the penetration of toxic substances into the bloodstream, cleans it of cholesterol. Withdrawing from the liver accumulated poisons, vitamin N saves it from degeneration into adipose tissue. Therefore, it enters as an ingredient in many medicines against cardiovascular diseases and liver diseases.
This vitamin is involved in the transmission of impulses by nerve cells, which is very important for the treatment of certain neurological disorders: paralysis, peripheral nerve fibers, Alzheimer’s disease. Also, thanks to the microelement, the nutrition of the tissues of the eyeballs improves, the functions of vision are restored, the immunity is strengthened, the acne rashes from the skin. In addition, vitamin N performs the following tasks in the body:
normalizes the functioning of the thyroid gland;
improves cardiac activity;
strengthens the nervous system;
stabilizes the hormonal background;
lowers the level of sugar in the blood;
prevents the formation of stones in the gallbladder;
accelerates the metabolism;
Displays radioactive elements;
protects cells from early aging;
increases the contractile force of muscle tissue.
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What is the daily intake of vitamin N?
The daily requirement for vitamin N depends on the sex and age of the person, varies from 10 to 30 mg. For infants of preschool age, approximately 12 mg per day is enough, schoolchildren who constantly experience psychological and mental stresses need at least 25 mg. Healthy men need to eat about 30 mg of lipoic acid, and if they are engaged in power sports, the dose increases to 200 400 mg. Vitamin is popular among athletes and people who want to pull up the figure and build muscle mass. Women need 25 mg of a microelement, but for pregnant and nursing mothers, its daily amount should be at least 75 mg. It is also urgently needed for people suffering from the following diseases:
lack of immunity;
Split in the intestine of vitamin N helps bile, coming from the gallbladder. The efficiency of the absorption of a trace element into the bloodthrough the walls of the intestine is significantly affected by the human diet. If among the products in the daily menu carbohydrates predominate, the fat-soluble vitamins, including lipoic acid, are digested poorly. Carbohydrates have the ability to bind the molecules of vitamin N and removethem from the body, and not allowing to penetrate into the blood and fulfill its function. On the bloodstream lipoic acid is transferred by special agents lipoproteins chylomicron.
What foods contain vitamin N?
Vitamin N have many products, both animal and vegetable. With a full and balanced diet, the proper preparation of food, a person receives a sufficient amount of a trace element. Among the plant products are rich in lipoic acid, green vegetables, cereals and legumes. But in fruit, it is practically absent. From products of animal origin, it can be noted as sources of vitamin N meat, especially beef, chicken eggs, milk and its derivatives. Below is a table, which indicates which foods contain vitamin N, and in what concentration.
How does the lack of vitamin N show up?
With a deficiency of lipoic acid, the immune system is suppressed, the inhibition of metabolic processes, the accumulation of harmful cholesterol in the blood vessels. People suffering from vitamin N deficiency experience the following ailments:
convulsive muscle contractions;
the appearance of cholesterol plaques in the vessels;
formation of stones in the kidneys and gall bladder;
lack of appetite.
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Can there be an excess of vitamin N?
The excess of vitamin N is extremely rare. This substance is completely non-toxic, quickly split in the digestive tract and is excreted from the body with urine. Overdose can occur only in one case: taking too much concentration of a medical product containing a trace element. But in this case, no serious consequences are observed: everything is limited to heartburn, an allergic reaction to the skin and small abdominal pains that quickly pass.